Securing of lone work - personal emergency device
Basically, a lot of laws regulate the protection of workers:
- Labor Protection Law
- Health and safety at work act
- Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health
The insurance carrier for traders is the competent professional association: According to §25 of the accident prevention regulations (BGV A1), the entrepreneur must ensure that in case of an emergency, especially in individual workplaces, the necessary help is called immediately.
For this purpose, personal emergency signal systems can be used, the conditions are in the rules of the respective professional association - most are now in the umbrella organization of the DGUV "German Social Accident Insurance" (BG ETEM, etc) Organisert- set.
Here are the relevant rules for the protection of lone work in the works BGI5032 and BGR139 regulated, Source BG ETEM: The BG information "Emergency call options for single persons" (BGI/GUV-I 5032) explained - in addition to the rule "deployment of people- Emergency Signal Systems "(BGR 139) - § 10 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act as well as §§ 8 and 25 of the accident prevention regulation" Principles of Prevention "(BGV / GUV-V A1) regarding the supervision of persons working alone depending on the assessment of the hazard. "Basically, the result of a risk analysis is accordingly!
If there is an increased risk, BGI 5032, Annex 2 "Technical Properties of PED-11" defines: "A PNG-11 must fulfill the characteristics according to DIN V VDE V 0825-11". PNG means "personal emergency signal device". If a dangerous solitary work is given, also the BG139 applies. For the PNG applies under §3.3.2 "Equipment and test requirements for personal emergency signal systems are in the pre-standard DIN V VDE V 0825 Part 1" Surveillance equipment; Wireless personal emergency signal systems for dangerous lone work, Part 1: Equipment and Test requirements "regulated." However, the BG139 excludes in §1.2 the use of mobile phones - the BGI5032 defined under §7 "Additional requirements for the use of personal emergency signal systems using public telecommunications networks (PNA -11) in hazardous solo work": "If it is ensured that a PNA-11 by the use of additional and constantly existing technical facilities as a whole complies with the requirements of the rule "use of personal emergency signal systems" (BGR 139), so their use is also possible in hazardous solo work. "
Agriculture and forestry
For commercial agricultural and forestry activities, the insurance carrier is usually the "Agricultural Social Security", which also subscribes to the o.g. and Technical Rule 1 (TR1) for the protection of dangerous lone work. This differs in PNG those that send to a receiving station or other PNG (workgroup communication system). For this, the PNGs may be combined with other devices (e.g., winch control).
For the forestry sector, the LSV has defined according to "accident prevention regulations forest VSG 4.3" under §3 (3): "The entrepreneur has to ensure that working alone with the chainsaw or winch or climbing trees without constant call, visual or any other connection with another person who is able to provide first aid in emergency situations is not carried out. " Meaning, dangerous lone work in the forest is generally not allowed, but the TR1 shows ways to establish a call connection. This can be implemented as workgroup communication. Whether a connection to a constantly occupied emergency call center represents a call connection within the meaning of the BG is answered by the responsible technical supervisor of the BG. In farmer's holdings, lone labor is exceptionally permissible if other safety precautions have been taken. This could also be a personal emergency signal system.
For work with little or increased risk, the legal requirements apply.
Requirements for the PNA
A PNA (personal emergency signal system) consists of a mobile device PNG (personal emergency signal device) and PNEZ (personal emergency signal reception center). The PNA is always a system solution and will be tested as such. Consequently, since the device "SONIM XP334o PNA by presentec" both the DIN V VDE 0825 Part 11 meets, is for the protection of lone work in the sense of o.g. BG the device allowed. Consequently, since the device also complies with DIN V VDE 0825 Part 1, the dangerous lone work in the sense of the o.g. BG the device is permissible, provided that the local conditions are fulfilled.
The employer must assess the danger of the activities of persons working alone according to §5 of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and also consider the ability to act after a possible harmful event. The risk consists of the hazard level of the activity to be carried out and a rating for the initiation of auxiliary measures. The result is multiplied by the probability of an emergency occurrence. In the case of low risk (points 1-3), it is not necessary to monitor the individual workstation, although in the case of high risk, even single work may not be permitted at all. The hazard factors can be taken from DIN EN 1050. For agricultural and especially forestry activities, the risk factors are typically increased by handling machines, staying in spacious rooms and areas, entering stables and climbing ladders and stairs.
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